Table of Contents

2016 Month : June Volume : 2 Issue : 1 Page : 9-10

A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOURAL PATTERNS REGARDING ROAD SAFETY AMONG ARTS COLLEGE STUDENTS IN VIJAYAWADA CITY.

Sree Karuna Murthy Kolli1, Kranthi Kumar Reddy Navuluri2, Bhaskari Kolli3

1Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. PSIMS & RF, Chinaoutpalli.
2Medical Student, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. PSIMS & RF, Chinaoutpalli.
3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Guntur Medical College, Guntur.

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Sree Karuna Murthy Kolli,
Associate Professor,
Department of Community Medicine,
Dr. PSIMS & RF, Chinaoutpalli,
Gannavaram,
Krishna District.
Andhra Pradesh.
E-mail: kollisreekaruna@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

According to World Health Organization, road traffic injuries caused an estimated 1.24 million deaths worldwide in the year 2010, down from 1.26 million in 2000. In the South East Asian region of the WHO, India alone accounted for 73% of RTA burden. The younger generation in particular is not willing to wear the helmets or seat belts while riding in two wheelers or four wheelers. The aim of this study is to assess the basic road safety knowledge and practices among the youth in an Arts college in Vijayawada city. It is a cross sectional study conducted on 260 PB Siddhartha Arts College students in November 2013. Participants were selected using convenience sampling and data is collected using semi structured questionnaire. Data entered and analysed using MS Office 2007.

KEYWORDS

Road Safety, Road Traffic, Injuries Motorization, Traffic Rules.

How to cite this article

Kolli SKM, Navuluri KKR, Kolli B. A study on knowledge and behavioural patterns regarding road safety among arts college students in Vijayawada city. Journal of Research in Preventive and Social Medicine 2016; Vol. 2, Issue 1, Jan-June 2016; Page: 9-10.

INTRODUCTION

Road transport is a critical structure for economic development of a country. Accidents represent a major epidemic of non-communicable diseases in present century.(1)

Road traffic accidents (RTA) are a major public health problem in India, resulting in deaths, injuries and disabilities of young and productive people of our society. It has been estimated that 1 million deaths & 15 million RTA occur on roads worldwide every year.(2) According to the WHO, this is the second most important cause of death for 5 to 29 year age group. Most (90%) of world's road traffic fatalities occur in developing countries. It is in this background, the UN General Assembly has declared 2011 to 2020 as the "Decade of Action for Road Safety” which seeks to halt the increasing trends in road traffic deaths and injuries worldwide.(3) India has the dubious distinction of the country with the highest number of road accident fatalities. In the South East Asian region of the WHO, India alone accounted for 73% of RTA burden.(4) Every hour, 40 people under the age of 25 die in road accidents around the globe.

Motor vehicle population has grown at a compound annual growth rate of 10 percent during 2000-2009 fuelled by a rising tide of motorization. Concomitantly, traffic risk and exposure have grown. The loss to the Indian economy due to fatalities and accident injuries estimated at 3% of GDP in 1999-2000.(5)

Prevention of RTAs thus, becomes very crucial in order to improve the longevity and the quality of life of the individuals concerned.       

METHODOLOGY

It is an institution based cross sectional study conducted in PB Siddhartha College of Arts and science in Vijayawada. An awareness camp was conducted in the institute and students participated in it were taken as study subjects by convenience sampling. Before starting awareness campaign this study was conducted using a semi structured questionnaire. Knowledge and behaviour regarding traffic rules was taken from all the study participants that is 260 and practices part of road safety was considered from only those who know to drive at least a two wheeler that is 234. The verbal oral consent was obtained from the participants and strict confidentiality was maintained. Data were analysed using Microsoft excel 2007 software. After collecting the data awareness was created in the form of posters, banners and presentation by the help of city traffic Circle Inspector.

RESULTS

Among the study subjects, 31.9% were females and 68.1% were males.

 

Male (n=177)

No

Female (n=83)

No

Total (n=260)

No (%)

B.Com

81

26

107(41.15%)

B.Sc

72

43

115(44.23%)

B.A

24

14

38(14.61%)

Total

177

83

260(100%)

Table 1: Subject wise distribution

 

About 60% of the students use Bus, 37% Two wheeler, 18% car,11% auto , 15% Bicycle and 22% Walking as common mode of transport to the Institution.

 

Mode of

Transport

Male

(n=177)

No

Female

(n=83)

No

Total

(n=260)

No (%)

Walk

4

18

22(8.46%)

Bicycle

6

9

15(5.76%)

Auto

2

9

11(4.23%)

Two wheeler

20

17

37(14.23%)

Car

15

3

18(6.92%)

Bus

45

112

157(60.38%)

Table 2: Common Mode of transport to institute

 

Knowledge Regarding

Traffic Rules

Male (n=177)

No (%)

Female(n=83)

No (%)

Total (n=260)

No (%)

Zebra lines

170 (96.04%)

73 (87.95%)

243 (93.46%)

Traffic lights

123 (69.49%)

64 (77.10%)

187 (71.92%)

Rule for pedestrians

137 (77.40%)

57 (68.67%)

194 (74.61%)

Legal age of driving

122 (68.92%)

45 (54.21%)

167 (64.23%)

Is It a Risk of

Driving without Helmet

172 (97.17%)

75 (90.36%)

247 (95%)

Is It a Risk of

Driving at night without headlight

147 (83.05%)

55 (66.26%)

202 (77.69%)

Is It a Risk of

Not wearing seatbelts in car

125 (70.62%)

63 (75.90%)

188 (72.30%)

Table 3

 

Of 260 students 234 students know to drive at least a two wheeler. Of 234, 64(27.3%) are females. So the practice of road safety was assessed in these students.

 

Male (n=170)

No (%)

Female (n=64)

No (%)

Total (n=234)

No (%)

Having driving license

143 (84.11%)

34 (53.12%)

177 (75.64%)

Carrying relevant documents while driving

101 (59.41%)

43 (67.18%)

145 (61.96%)

Use of helmets while driving

56 (32.94%)

23 (35.93%)

79 (33.76%)

More than two persons on two wheeler

75 (44.11%)

10 (15.62%)

85 (36.32%)

Violation of traffic rules

54 (31.76%)

23 (35.93%)

77 (32.90%)

Use of mobile phone while driving

130 (76.47%)

48 (75%)

178 (76.06%)

Driving speed more than 60 KMPH

110 (64.70%)

24 (37.50%)

134 (57.26%)

Drunken driving

15 (8.82%)

0 (0.0%)

15 (6.4%)

Ever met with an accident while driving

32 (18.82%)

16 (25%)

48 (20.51%)

Table 4

 

REFERENCES

  1. Anjuman T, Hasanat-E-Rabbi S, Siddiqui  SKA. Mazharul Hoque, Proceedings of the international conference on mechanical engineering 2007 (ICME2007) Dhaka, Bangladesh 2007:1-6.
  2. Dandona R, Kumar GA, Raj TS, et al. Patterns of road traffic injuries in a vulnerable population in Hyderabad, India. Inj Prev 2006;12(3):183-8.
  3. World health organization. Regional report on status of road safety: the South East Asian Region. 2009. Available from: URL:http://www.whqlibdoc.who.int/searo/2009/9789290223559_eng.pdf.
  4. India has the highest number of road accidents in the world. 2010. Available from: URL: www.dw.de/india-has-the-highest-number-of-road-accidents-in-the-world/a-5519345.
  5. Ministry of road transport & highways. Government of India. Road accidents in India 2010. Available from: URL: http://morth.nic.in/writereaddata/mainlinkFile/File761.pdf.

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