Table of Contents

2016 Month : June Volume : 2 Issue : 1 Page : 11-15

BREAST FEEDING PRACTICES AMONGST CHILDREN IN SLUMS OF DIBRUGARH TOWN OF ASSAM: COMMUNITY BASED CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY .

Sultana Jesmin Ahmed1, Dimpymoni Saikia2, Mir Alam Siddique3, Tazkira Begum4, Basanta Biraj Das5, Alak Barua6

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Sultana Jesmin Ahmed,
Associate Professor,
Department of Community Medicine,
Assam Medical College and Hospital,
Dibrugarh.
E-mail: drjesminahmed@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

After birth the health of the baby depends upon the nurturing practice adopted by the family. The low prevalence and duration of exclusive and partial breastfeeding increase the risk of infant and childhood morbidity and mortality.

OBJECTIVE

To assess the Breast Feeding Practices amongst mothers having 12-24 months children in slums of Dibrugarh town, Assam.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A community based, cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 6 months, from January 2014 to June 2014 amongst 12-24 months aged children residing in slums of Dibrugarh town, Assam. 177 children were calculated for the study by standard sampling method. An interview with the help of a pre-designed pre-tested proforma was conducted by house to house survey.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Statistical analysis was done using MS Excel 2007 and presented as percentages.

 

RESULTS

Majority (50%) of children belonged to upper-lower socio-economic status (IV). 65% lived in nuclear family and 35% lived in joint family. 53.13% of children were in the age group of 12-17 months and 46.88% in 18-24 months. 51.25% were male and 48.75% were females. Majority (40%) were first birth order. 85.62% had institutional delivery, of which 42.5% was delivered at tertiary level hospital. In 31.88% children breast feeding was initiated within 1 hr of birth. Colostrum was given to 63.75% of children. 35% were given pre lacteal feed. 65% had exclusive breast feeding for 6 months. Among 35% who were not exclusively breast fed, inadequate milk production (28.57%), illness of child (33.9%) and illness of mother (37.5%) were the main reasons.

CONCLUSION

Efforts to be taken to improve the practice of mothers regarding avoidance of prelacteal feeding and implementing exclusive breast feeding.

KEYWORDS

Colostrum, Prelacteal Feeding, Exclusive Breast Feeding.

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